Adhesion of Bacteria to Oral Tissues

  • Itzhak Ofek
  • Ronald J. Doyle


The oral environment contains many kinds of bacteria, including both Gram-negative and Gram-positive cocci, bacilli, and spirochetes. More than 300 distinct species of bacteria may exist in the oral cavity. Some of these can be readily cultured and identified, whereas others can be cultured only with difficulty. Some may not be cultured at all. In ecological terms, the oral environment is a perfect niche for some bacteria. Frequently, the bacteria encountered in the oral environment are not found elsewhere in the body. In the mouth, bacteria are challenged by the turbulent effects of saliva; antibacterial proteins in saliva, such as lysozyme and lactoferrin; immunoglobulins; products from other microorganisms; and dietary constituents. Some of these factors influence adherent reactions, details of which will be discussed below.


Bacterial Adhesion Dental Plaque Mutans Streptococcus Oral Bacterium Oral Tissue 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Itzhak Ofek
    • 1
  • Ronald J. Doyle
    • 2
  1. 1.Tel-AvivIsrael
  2. 2.LouisvilleUSA

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