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Gram-Positive Pyogenic Cocci

  • Itzhak Ofek
  • Ronald J. Doyle

Abstract

The pyogenic Gram-positive cocci include members of the genera Streptococcus and Staphylococcus. It appears that there are no general rules regarding the adhesion of the pyogenic cocci. A few, including strains of S. pyogenes, S. agalactiae, S. pneumoniae, and S. aureus, express cell surface lectins, whereas others depend on lipoteichoic acids, cell-wall-bound proteins, secreted polysaccharides, and hydrophobins. There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that all of the pyogenic Gram-positive cocci rely on multiple adhesins in order to adhere avidly to substrata (Hasty et al., 1992). Most adhesion studies have been carried out on Gram-positive cocci, the normal habitat of which is the animal host. The successful pyogenic cocci have the ability to adhere to and grow on mucosal tissues without causing symptoms. This is commonly known as the carrier state.

Keywords

Human Endothelial Cell Bacterial Adhesion Tissue Culture Cell Lipoteichoic Acid Bovine Mastitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Itzhak Ofek
    • 1
  • Ronald J. Doyle
    • 2
  1. 1.Tel-AvivIsrael
  2. 2.LouisvilleUSA

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