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Assessment of genetically engineered microorganisms under the Toxic Substances Control Act: Considerations prior to small-scale release

  • Philip G. Sayre

Abstract

The “Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology” (7) explained the EPA TSCA (Toxic Substances Control Act) authority which allows the review of certain classes of biotechnology products. Under the Coordinated Framework, biotechnology products are regulated in accordance with the use of each product (9). Many agricultural uses of microorganisms, plants and animals are regulated by the Department of Agriculture (USDA); foods, drugs, cosmetics, and biologics are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA); microbial pesticides are regulated by the EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). Uses of microorganisms not covered by other existing authorities are reviewed by the EPA Office of Toxic Substances (OTS) under TSCA.

Keywords

Field Test Environmental Release Coordinate Framework Biotechnology Product Sweet Clover 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Routledge, Chapman & Hall, Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip G. Sayre
    • 1
  1. 1.Office of Toxic SubstancesU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyUSA

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