The basic objective of contemporary turning operations is to reliably generate desired geometries at minimum cost consistent with required quality levels and delivery schedules. Achievement of this seemingly straightforward objective can present challenges to those responsible for establishing and maintaining efficient production. The broad applicability of turning results in wide variations in production requirements, materials, tolerances, lot sizes, and shop facilities that in turn preclude simplistic solutions. In addition, each variable is subject to some degree of natural uncertainty, such as hardness variations in the workpiece, which acts to further compound the problem.
KeywordsMachine Tool Tool Life Tool Material Wear Scar Work Material
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