The concept of high-speed machining was conceived by Dr. Carl J. Salomon during a series of experiments from 1924 to 1931. This is documented in German patent number 523594 dated 27 April 1931. The patent was based on a series of curves of cutting speeds plotted against generated cutting temperatures. These experiments were performed on nonferrous metals such as aluminum, copper, and bronze. Salomon obtained speeds up to 54,200 surface feet per minute (sfm) [16,500 surface meters per minute (smm)] using helical milling cutters on aluminum. His contention was that the cutting temperature reached a peak at a given cutting speed; however, as the cutting speed was further increased, the temperature decreased. Figure 1.1 is a simplistic presentation of this concept.


Shear Zone Tool Wear Chip Formation Cutting Speed Rake Face 
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© Chapman and Hall 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert I. King
    • 1
  1. 1.Lockheed Missiles and Space Company, IncUSA

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