Afterword Future Pain Horizons: The Other Side of Pain

  • Barbara G. Melamed


A life-span perspective is the main thread that ties the chapters of this volume together and directs future research efforts. The authors view pain and pain behaviors as changing aspects of individuals’ abilities to communicate their experiences. Pain is not simply a precursor or by-product of illness or injury, it is a phenomenon guided by the capacities of individuals and modified by the life experiences and support systems provided by their environment, their culture, and other human beings. Pain is both a percept and a drive. It is an active process directing the actions of the sufferer and the caregiver, both those paid professionals and those parents for whom the option of “cutting off their own right arms” unfortunately does not exist.


Coping Style Pain Behavior Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain Model Recurrent Abdominal Pain 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara G. Melamed

There are no affiliations available

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