Helping Children Cope With Painful Medical Procedures

  • Donald K. Routh
  • Marjorie D. Sanfilippo


Pain has been defined as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage” (International Association for the Study of Pain, Subcommittee on Taxonomy, 1979). This definition clearly fits the situation discussed in this chapter, pain caused to children by various types of intrusive medical and dental procedures.


Medical Procedure Dental Treatment Bone Marrow Aspiration Dental Fear Pediatric Psychology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald K. Routh
  • Marjorie D. Sanfilippo

There are no affiliations available

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