Conceptual Foundations: Pain and Child Development

  • Joseph P. Bush
  • Stephen W. Harkins


Improving the adequacy of pain management in children receiving medical services is a compelling clinical and research goal that crosses disciplinary boundaries. The importance of adequate pain management in children is derived both from humanitarian concerns and from enhancement of the child’s medical/functional status. Largely unexplored at this time is a third issue: what are the long-term effects of early medical/illness pain experiences on the child? Recent research findings have been highly critical of the apparently prevalent undermanagement of pain in children, and are beginning to indicate ways in which improvements may be made. Increasingly, this work is pointing to the importance of developmental considerations in understanding and providing appropriate clinical responses to children in pain.


Pain Management Patient Control Analgesia Pain Behavior Conceptual Foundation Dental Fear 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

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  • Joseph P. Bush
  • Stephen W. Harkins

There are no affiliations available

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