Risk and Resilience

  • Constance Hammen
Part of the Series in Psychopathology book series (PSYCHOPATHOLOGY)


The high rates of impairment and dysfunction in the children in families of the present study are sobering. Various chapters, each detailing a specific form of adverse condition, have attempted to relate such risk factors to children’s diagnoses and dysfunction in general. In the present chapter the focus is on individual differences in outcomes.


Protective Factor Academic Performance Social Competence Sibling Pair Parental Psychopathology 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Constance Hammen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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