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Marine Microcosms: Small-Scale Controlled Ecosystems

  • Pierre Lasserre
Part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 37)

Abstract

Since pioneer works in the early 1960s (Odum et al., 1963; Beyers, 1963), laboratory-scale experimental designs are more and more considered as fundamental tools in the development of freshwater and marine ecological research. The word “microcosm” was widely used to designate laboratory-scale aquaria as well as large-scale enclosures (Giesy, 1980) until the term “mesocosm” was coined to designate large-scale enclosures outside the laboratory of volume exceeding 1 m3 (Grice and Reeve, 1982). Therefore, the word “microcosm” is used today to designate a contained and often simplified marine community of volume not exceeding 1 m3, in which controlled experiments can be performed. Such small systems are convenient to compare single species and multispecies properties as to metabolic patterns and physiological characteristics, without the difficulties of replication and sampling. Both micro-and mesocosm approaches have their advantages and difficulties; they should be considered as fully complementary. The ideal microcosm experiment is one in which the investigator manipulates one particular factor, whereas all others are allowed to vary naturally. The factor of interest is controlled, if necessary at a series of different levels. This is the reverse of the classical laboratory “test tube” experiment in which all factors but one are kept rigidly controlled.

Keywords

Continuous Culture Particulate Organic Carbon Phytoplankton Assemblage Microcosm Study Electron Transport System Activity 
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  • Pierre Lasserre

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