to examine previous studies involving experimental ecosystems, and critically evaluate the results and the application of such techniques to estuarine, coastal, and open sea problems;
to make recommendations for complete-systems approaches (mesocosms, field, laboratory, and simulation modelling) to current problems in biological oceanography; and
to specify design criteria pertinent to studies in the range of estuarine, coastal, and open sea conditions.
KeywordsToxicity Phosphorus Sludge Geochemistry Stratification
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