Future Time Perspective: A Cognitive-Motivational Concept

  • Willy Lens
Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)


Frank (1939) is one of the first to stress the importance of time perspective in the study of human behavior. Future time perspective (FTP) was for him a cognitive-dynamic orientation towards future goals. Children learn progressively to react no longer in an impulsive way to internal and external stimuli, but to take anticipated behavioral outcomes into account. Those anticipations help to define the present situation.


Time Perspective Future Orientation Achievement Motivation Distant Future Temporal Distance 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Willy Lens
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LeuvenBelgium

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