Phytoplankton of Western Cape Cod Bay

  • Richard C. Toner
Part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 11)


The phytopiankton in western Cape Cod Bay is described. Peak concentrations occurred during February or March with densities as high as eleven million cells per liter; a second peak occurred in July. The yearly fluctuation of phytopiankton abundance was dominated by the diatom community. Less abundant were flagellates and dinoflagellates. Changes in phytopiankton density for Cape Cod Bay correlated well with seasonal fluctuations of populations in the Gulf of Maine. Species composition of populations inshore and that occurring one mile offshore were also similar. Dominant plankters throughout the year were the diatoms, Skeletonema costatum, Leptocylindrus minimus, and L. danicus.


Diatom Community Phaeodactylum Tricornutum Skeletonema Costatum American Philosophical Society Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Anraku, M. 1964. Influence of the Cape Cod Canal on the hydrography and on the copepods in Buzzards Bay and Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts. Part I. Hydrography and distribution of copepods. Limnology and Oceanography 9:46–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bigelow, H. B. 1926. Plankton of the offshore waters of the Gulf of Maine. Fishery Bulletin 40(2). 509 p.Google Scholar
  3. Bigelow, H. B., L. C. Lillick, and M. Sears. 1940. Phytoplankton and planktonic Protozoa of the offshore waters of the Gulf of Maine. I. Numerical distribution. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 31:149–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Braarud, T. 1962. Species distribution in marine phytoplankton. Journal of the Oceanographic Society of Japan, Twentieth Anniversary Volume. p. 628–649.Google Scholar
  5. Bumpus, D. F. 1974. Review of the physical oceanography of Massachusetts Bay. Technical Report WHOI-74–8. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  6. Gran, H. H. 1902. Das plankton des norvegischen nordmeeres. Report of the Norwegian Fish and Marine Inventory 2(5):222.Google Scholar
  7. Hulburt, E. M. 1966. The distribution of phytoplankton and its relationship to hydrography between southern New England and Venezuela. Journal of Marine Research 24(1):67–81.Google Scholar
  8. Hulburt, E. M. 1970. Competition for nutrients by marine phytoplankton in oceanic, coastal, and estuarine regions. Ecology 5(3):475–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hulburt, E. M. 1972. Necessary and sufficient conditions for phytoplankton changes in the vicinity of the Grand Banks. Contribution 3149 from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. NSFG GA-29300.Google Scholar
  10. Jitts, H. R., C. D. McAllister, K. Stephens, and J. D. H. Strickland. 1964. The cell division rates of some marine phytoplankters as a function of light and temperature. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 21:139–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lillick, L. C. 1937. Seasonal studies of the phytoplankton off Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Biological Bulletin 73.Google Scholar
  12. Lillick, L. C. 1940. Phytoplankton and planktonic protozoa of the offshore waters of the Gulf of Maine. Part II. Qualitative composition of the planktonic flora. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 31:193–237.Google Scholar
  13. Marine Environmental Service. 1971 (December). Environmental Study in the Vicinity of Cousin’s Island, Casco Bay, Maine. Central Maine Power Company.Google Scholar
  14. MRI and NEPCO (Marine Research, Inc. and New England Power Company). 1981. Environmental Impact Report and Sections 316(a) and 316(b) Demonstrations made in connection with the proposed conversion of generating unit No. 4 from closed-cycle cooling to once-through cooling. Westborough, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  15. Marshall, H. G. 1978. Phytoplankton distribution along the eastern coast of the USA. Part II. Seasonal assemblages north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. Marine Biology 45:203–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Riley, G. A., and D. F. Bumpus. 1946. Phytoplankton-zooplankton relationships on Georges Bank. Journal of Marine Research 6(1):33–47.Google Scholar
  17. Riley, G. A. and S. M. Conover. 1967. Phytoplankton of Long Island Sound, 1954–1955. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection 19:5–33.Google Scholar
  18. Sears, M. 1941. Notes on the phytoplankton on Georges Bank in 1940. Journal of Marine Research 4:247–257.Google Scholar
  19. Sokal, R. R. and F. J. Rohlf. 1969. Biometry. W.H. Freeman Company, San Fransisco, California. 776 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard C. Toner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations