B-Mode Ultrasound Interrogation of Arteries
The development of atherosclerosis in the area of the carotid bifurcation results in arterial wall abnormalities that produce emboli and hemodynamic changes of turbulence, stenosis, and occlusion. A number of techniques have been reported in the literature to evaluate these changes by direct or indirect measurement. Clinical evaluation and correlative techniques have primarily depended upon validation by the “gold standard” of arteriography for a number of years. However, the introduction of B-mode ultrasound techniques has added a unique scientific standard for direct observation and measurement of wall characteristics, lumen diameter and dynamic pulsatile characteristics of wall motion.
KeywordsCarotid Artery Internal Carotid Artery Internal Carotid Carotid Bifurcation Transverse Cross Section
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.Coelho JCU, Sigel B, Flanigan DP, Schuler JJ, Spigos DG, Nyhus LM (1981) Detection of arterial defects by real-time ultrasound scanning during vascular surgery: An experimental study. J Surg Res 30: 535–543Google Scholar
- 6.Lewis RR, Beasley MG, Gosling RG (1980) Detection of disease at the carotid bifurcation using ultrasound–including an imaging system. J Royal Soc of Med 74: 172–179Google Scholar
- 7.Texas Heart Institute (1980) Real-time ultrasonic imaging of the peripheral arteries: Technique, normal anatomy, and pathology. In: Cardiovascular diseases, Vol 7, No 3 Vascular Laboratory of the Miami Heart Institute, Miami Beach, FLGoogle Scholar
- 8.Green PS (1978) Real time, high resolution ultrasonic carotid angiography system. In: Bernstein EF ed Noninvasive diagnostic techniques in vascular disease. Mosby, St. Louis, pp. 29–39Google Scholar