IN THE spring of 1942, the Germans concentrated their aerial strength in Sicily and assaulted the near-by airdromes of Malta. Knocking out the island’s fighter protection, they attacked the Grand Harbor and sank a newly arrived convoy. With the biggest harbor objectives destroyed and the supply situation made acute, the Luftwaffe drove against the civilian population and sought to demoralize it. Public services were wrecked, grain stores burst open, communications smashed and the main defense areas of Malta isolated. As a final step in a prepared pattern of aerial offense, the Luftwaffe dove Stukas and fighters directly against the ack-ack and coastal guns protecting the airfields, the harbor and the coastline. After 4,000 bomber sorties against the island in one month, the way for invasion seemed prepared.
KeywordsBlack Market Aviation Spirit Supply Situation Communal Kitchen Ground Crew
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