Language and psychotherapy

  • George L. Trager
Part of the The Century Psychology Series book series (TCPS)


Human beings live in societies. All societies, human or nonhuman, depend on communication between their members. Communication can be of several kinds: the sender of the communication can make motions of various parts of the body, can touch the receiver in various ways, or can emit noises of various kinds; the receiver can see the motions, or can feel the touches, or can hear the noises. We may characterize these kinds of communication, for the sender, as the motile, tactile, and vocal instrumentalities; for the receiver, as the visual, sensory, and auditory instrumentalities. There is also the emission of odors and their perception—the odoriferous and olfactory instrumentalities.


Cultural System Communication Modality Voice Quality Occasional Paper Learn Society 
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© Meredith Publishing Company 1966

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  • George L. Trager

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