Evaluative research design: a social casework illustration

  • James L. Breedlove
  • Merton S. Krause
Part of the The Century Psychology Series book series (TCPS)


Clinicians within the professions of psychology, social work, and psychiatry increasingly have demonstrated interest in the findings of research studies to supplement their clinical knowledge. The clinician’s interest in organized research studies stems primarily from the recognition that demonstrable advances in therapeutic efficacy are dependent upon attaining greater precision in estimating the effects of treatment. Although the observations of the clinician from his practice may provide the bases for hypotheses, his day-to-day practice does not provide the necessary controls for testing the limits of such hypotheses (GAP Report No. 42, 1959; Rychlak, 1959). In most instances, only the organized study which introduces systematic controls on observations of clinical phenomena can demonstrate the utility of the clinician’s hypotheses. This is true, of course, in areas other than psychotherapy, casework, and counseling (e.g., see Modell, 1963).


Systematic Error Random Assignment Agency Administrator Evaluative Study Affect Treatment Outcome 
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© Meredith Publishing Company 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. Breedlove
  • Merton S. Krause

There are no affiliations available

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