Research directives and methods in client-centered therapy

  • John M. Shlien
  • Fred M. Zimring
Part of the The Century Psychology Series book series (TCPS)


As a method of research in psychotherapy, we take a school of thought as a subject, examining four stages of development to point out the way in which changing theory leads to particular foci and emphases of investigation. It is our general purpose to present and illustrate a functional-historical outline in research methodology. This consists of the interplay of (1) developing stages of theory, (2) empirical lines of investigation stemming from and feeding into theory, (3) instruments and sources of data. This chapter is essentially a study of methodology rather than of methods alone. We believe that only the combination of theory and method as it comes out of a program of thought qualifies as research. A technique is not a method, and a method is not by itself a research. Thinking is research. The rest is isolated fact-finding and dilettantism. It is this program of thought, the life-style of a direction of search and a system of research which we have in mind, not as dry bones of methodology but as living interests of people. The portrayal requires a slice of actual history in which we have a unique opportunity to observe a 25-year period covering the life span to date of one school of therapy. We mean to demonstrate the main line of descent and variation in one program of thought and the interadaptation of associated specimen researches.


Phenomenal Quality Personality Change Counselor Rating Underlying Continuum Thematic Apperception 
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© Meredith Publishing Company 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Shlien
  • Fred M. Zimring

There are no affiliations available

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