The creation process of matter and radiation contained in the universe has intensively occupied the minds of cosmologists for over 30 years and has become a specially controversial subject. How does the “standard” singularity theory deal with particle creation? Any questions relating to the time before the singularity are considered meaningless, as there was no before, only nothingness. Time, matter, and radiation started with the big bang or rather 10−43 seconds after, when the size of the universe was only 10−33 cm. The entire universe at that time was a million, billion times smaller than a single electron (10−17 cm).
KeywordsBlack Hole Rest Mass Particle Creation Virtual Particle Virtual Pair
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