The Creation Process

  • A. Karel Velan


The creation process of matter and radiation contained in the universe has intensively occupied the minds of cosmologists for over 30 years and has become a specially controversial subject. How does the “standard” singularity theory deal with particle creation? Any questions relating to the time before the singularity are considered meaningless, as there was no before, only nothingness. Time, matter, and radiation started with the big bang or rather 10−43 seconds after, when the size of the universe was only 10−33 cm. The entire universe at that time was a million, billion times smaller than a single electron (10−17 cm).


Black Hole Rest Mass Particle Creation Virtual Particle Virtual Pair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Karel Velan
    • 1
  1. 1.Velan, Inc.MontrealCanada

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