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Cell-Cell Interactions in the Regulation of Glomerular Inflammation by Arachidonate Lipoxygenase Products

  • Kamal F. Badr
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 314)

Abstract

Deposition of antigen-antibody complexes is a common initiating mechanism in a wide variety of human glomerulopathies. While the site of formation of these complexes, the route(s) by which they gain access to the glomerulus, their localization, and the nature of the histopathologic reaction they elicit can vary considerably, the central role of the activated leukocyte in the subsequent pathogenesis is well-established (1). In most immune-mediated glomerulopathies, complement activation in the early phase of injury triggers a polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte infiltrate, and activates resident glomerular macrophages (1–3). This is often followed by macrophage infiltration and proliferation, accompanied, at times, by a proliferative reaction of glomerular mesangial and/or epithelial cells (1). These leukocyte-dependent stages of injury frequently coexist within the same glomerulus, ultimately leading to its sclerosis. Even when an overt inflammatory reaction is absent (as in membranous nephropathy), there is convincing evidence to suggest that the activation of resident macrophages is a central component of the pathogenetic pathways which eventually result in the impairment of glomerular functions (3, 4).

Keywords

Mesangial Cell Glomerular Injury Glomerular Cell Glomerular Function Lipoxygenase Product 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamal F. Badr
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Nephrology, Department of MedicineVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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