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Regulation of the Ca2+ Sensitivity of Vascular Smooth Muscle Contractile Elements

  • Junji Nishimura
  • Cornelis van Breemen
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 308)

Abstract

Ca2+ is assumed to be the primary regulator of vascular smooth muscle contractility (1). In addition, receptor stimulation may modulate the Ca2+ sensitivity of vascular smooth muscle myofilaments, probably due to activation of protein kinase C (PKC). Morgan and Morgan (2,3) were the first to measure tension simultaneously with intracellular Cat2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in strips of ferret portal vein, using the photoprotein aequorin. They found that α-adrenergic activation induced a peak of light emission during the period of force development which fell close to the basal value during force maintenance. It has also been reported that phorbol esters which activate PKC (4), induce contraction in intact vascular smooth muscle (5-9), and shift the pCa-tension curve to the left in permeabilized smooth muscle (10,11). Although these reports tend to support a role for PKC in enhancing Cat2+ sensitivity of vascular smooth muscle myofilaments, they fail to establish a clear link between receptors, G proteins, PKC and the myofilaments.

Keywords

Smooth Muscle Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Sodium Nitroprusside Myosin Light Chain Kinase Contractile Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junji Nishimura
    • 1
  • Cornelis van Breemen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology University of Miami, School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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