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Multilayer Physisorbed Films on Graphite

  • George B. Hess
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 267)

Abstract

This paper reviews experimental work in the multilayer range on physisorption of classical rare gases and simple molecular gases on graphite. The first part outlines ideas about various phenomena which occur or may occur in these systems, such as wetting and limitations to complete wetting, surface roughening and surface melting as they are manifest in films of finite thickness, and substrate-induced effects such as interface-induced freezing and layering in liquid films. Next a number of specific systems are examined from an experimental point of view for evidence of these phenomena. For example, layer critical points in solid rare gas and methane films on graphite have been associated with surface roughening of (111) facet of the corresponding bulk crystal. Surface melting of certain facets has been identified with behavior seen in argon and other films on graphite as well as on MgO slightly below the bulk melting temperature of the adsorbate. On the other hand, freezing of several layers of thick neon and argon films above the bulk melting point is attributed to interaction with the graphite substrate. Certain liquid films, such as those of ethane, ethylene, and oxygen on graphite, exhibit a strong tendency for layering in the proximity of the substrate. Complex phase diagrams may occur in layered films due to interaction of layering with melting and possibly also orientational ordering; examples include oxygen and tetrafluoromethane on graphite. Finally, certain experimental difficulties of a general nature are discussed.

Keywords

Heat Capacity Liquid Film Neutron Diffraction Triple Point Capillary Condensation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • George B. Hess
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

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