Effect of Surface-Catalyzed NO Formation on Thermal Load in Hypersonics

  • Luigi Guarino
  • Claudio Bruno
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 265)


A craft flying at Mach number M > 5–7 creates a bow shock dissociating air into a weakly ionized plasma composed of O2, N2, O, N, NO, NO+, e- for low earth orbit re-entry, and many more ionized species for larger M and denser air (see Figure 1).


AIAA Paper Shock Layer Hypersonic Flow Thermal Protection System Viscous Shock Layer 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luigi Guarino
    • 1
  • Claudio Bruno
    • 2
  1. 1.Aermacchi, UTEVVareseItaly
  2. 2.Dip. MeccanicaUniversity of RomeRomaItaly

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