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Applications of X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy in Catalysis

  • Richard W. Joyner
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 265)

Abstract

The X-ray absorption edge jump, which arises when the energy of a photon beam becomes just sufficient to excite core electrons into the continuum, is well known and understood. In 1920, Fricke and Hertz separately, reported the first observations of absorption fine structure at energies above the absorption edge and subsequently Ray, (1929) and Kievet and Lindsay (1930) -noted that this fine structure could be detected several hundred eV above the edge. It was recognised that these variations in the absorption cross section had their origin in the structure of the material under study and early theories were advanced by Kronig (1931, 1932). These was, however a long standing debate as to whether this extended X-ray absorption fine structure, or EXAFS, was a signature of long range order, as is X-ray diffraction, or was due to short range order around the absorbing atom. It was gradually accepted that short range order alone was responsible, for example as a result of the work of Petersen (1936) and Kostarev (1949). The crucial breakthrough, however, was due to Sayers, Stern and Lytle (1971), who showed that the Fourier transform of the EXAFS oscillations with respect to photoelectron wave vector showed peaks at distances corresponding to the interatomic distances of shells of nearest neighbour atoms.

Keywords

Interatomic Distance Bimetallic Catalyst Waller Factor EXAFS Spectrum Photoelectron Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard W. Joyner
    • 1
  1. 1.Leverhulme Centre for Innovative Catalysis, Department of ChemistryUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK

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