Evaluation Process for the Selection of Bioremediation Technologies for Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
On March 24, 1989, approximately 11 million gallons of Prudhoe Bay crude oil were spilled into Prince William Sound, Alaska, as a result of the grounding of the Exxon Valdez tanker. The Prince William Sound area is a harsh and diverse environment with poor accessibility. According to the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, the shoreline is geologically young, composed largely of metamorphic rock, and ranges from vertical cliffs to boulder and pebble beaches. High-energy beaches are common and tides in these areas vary from +4 to −1 meters. In some areas, glacial and snow melt introduce large amounts of fresh water to the nearshore water of the Sound. Prince William Sound has a large population of seals and sea otters, extensive herring spawning areas, and significant numbers of sea and shorebirds. In addition, the area supports a substantial population of migratory birds that feed at beaches and inter-tidal areas.
KeywordsVertical Cliff Daily Announcement Land Disposal Restriction Innovative Environmental Technology Normal Aliphatic Hydrocarbon
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