The Technical, Economic, and Regulatory Future for Bioremediation: An Industry Perspective

  • A. Keith Kaufman
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 41)


As recently as five years ago, the word “bioremediation” was rarely, if ever, seen in the literature, let alone understood or appreciated. Back then, biological processes as they relate to waste management fell under the almost exclusive domain of sewage and wastemater treatment. Only a handful of companies existed nationwide which openly advertised bioremediation as an exclusive service offered for soil and/or groundwater cleanup. Finding it difficult to successfully compete in a market dominated by the more traditional and still widely accepted forms of remedial technologies, some of these companies left the market, while others persevered by, temporarily or permanently, aligning themselves with more diversified (albeit traditional) remediation service-oriented companies. Those that chose to stay in the bioremediation field were to face significant technical, regulatory, and public relations challenges. Though many of these challenges remain today, tenacity and perseverance, coupled with a firm conviction of the value and efficacy of the technology, have brought about the evolution of biotreatment to a relatively high level of understanding and respect among environmental and regulatory professionals worldwide.


Injection Well Site Mitigation Perfect World Firm Conviction Public Health Standpoint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Keith Kaufman
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied BioTreatment AssociationAnaheimUSA

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