Polluted Heterogeneous Environments: Macro-scale Fluxes, Micro-scale Mechanisms, and Molecular Scale Control

  • Geoffrey Hamer
  • Armin Heitzer
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 41)


Most large-scale processing ventures are initiated by ill-defined statements of need rather than by the discovery of either a new product or a novel process route. One of the best examples that has been contrary to this general pattern during the past decade has been the dramatic development of biotechnology, where one has seen both products and processes emerging as a result of research push rather than market pull. In contrast to this, environmental biotechnology is developing in response to a perceived need; the clean-up of indiscriminate pollution that has occurred from the advent of the industrial revolution until relatively recent times. With increasing public awareness and sensitivity to the crises that either have or will develop with respect to enviromental safety, health and quality, it is only now that politico-economic policies are being implemented that allow the development of technological responses to such crises. Newly evolving bioremediation and biorestoration technologies for soil and ground water clean-up, respectively, represent only one response scenario. Their future will depend on both their efficacy and their economics. Unless they continue to offer clear advantages on both counts, they will rapidly become obsolete. The maintenance of their relative attractiveness depends on the effectiveness and availability of underpinning fundamental research and its exploitation in solving practical problems.


Specific Growth Rate Dilution Rate Heat Shock Response Chemostat Culture Activate Sludge Waste 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey Hamer
    • 1
  • Armin Heitzer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Aquatic Sciences and Water Pollution ControlSwiss Federal Institute of Technology-ZürichDübendorfSwitzerland

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