Advertisement

Environmental Biotechnology: Perceptions, Reality, and Applications

  • Gary S. Sayler
  • Robert Fox
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 41)

Abstract

Environmental biotechnology for hazardous wastes can be defined as the use of microorganisms and their processes for socio-economic benefits in environmental protection and restoration. The application of biological processes for disposal and control of waste from human activities is established technology dating back at least 4000 years (1). However, the understanding that microorganisms, “microphytin,” were mechanistically responsible for degradation of organic pollutants in wastes is much more recent, being developed in the late 1800’s (2). While specific knowledge of the microbial species, biochemistry and genetics mediating biodegradation has only been developed in the later half of this century, practical civil engineering applications of biological processes for control of domestic and some industrial wastes have been developed as highly efficient technology.

Keywords

Hazardous Waste Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Environmental Biotechnology Slurry Reactor Heap Leaching 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Schönborn, W. 1986. Historical development and ecological fundamentals. In W. Schönborn (ed.). Microbial Degradations. Biotechnology, Vol. 8, VCH, Weinheim, Germany, p. 23.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dupré, A. 1885. The estimation of dissolved oxygen in water. Analyst. 10:156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sayler, G.S., A. Breen, J. Blackburn and O. Yagi. 1984. Predictive assessment of priority pollutant bio-oxidation kinetics in activated sludge. Environ. Progress. 3:153–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sayler, G.S., M.S. Shields, E.T. Tedford, A. Breen, S.W. Hooper, and J.W. Davis. 1985. Application of DNA-DNA colony hybridization to the detection of catabolic genotypes in environmental samples. Appl. Environ. Microbiol 49:1295–1303.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sayler, G.S., J.W. Blackburn, and T.L. Donaldson. 1988. Environmental Biotechnology of Hazardous Wastes. NSF Project #CES-8714691.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dorn, E., M. Hellwig, W. Reineke, and H.J. Knackmuss. 1974. Isolation and characterization of a 3-chlorobenzoate degrading pseudomonad. Arch. Microbiol. 99:61–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Timmis, K.N., F. Rojo, and J.L. Ramos. 1988. Prospects for laboratory engineering of bacteria to degrade pollutants. In G.S. Omen (ed.), Environmental Biotechnology: Reducing Risks from Environmental Chemicals through Biotechnology. Plenum, New York, N.Y., pp. 72–76.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Winter, R.B., K-M Yen, and B.D. Ensley. 1989. Efficient degradation of trichloroethylene by a recombinant Escherichia coli. Bio/Technol. 7:282–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jain, R.K., R. Burlage, and G.S. Sayler. 1988. Methods for detecting recombinant DNA in the environment. In: G.G. Stewart and I. Russell (ed.), CRC Critical Reviews in Biotechnology. Vol. 8, pp. 33–84.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Barkay, T., D.L. Fouts, B.H. Olson. 1985. The preparation of a DNA gene probe for the detection of mercury resistance genes in Gram-negative communities. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 49:686–692.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sayler, G.S., K. Nikbakht, C. Werner, and A. Ogram. 1989. Microbial community analysis using environmental nucleic acid extracts. In: T. Hattori, Y. Ishida, Y. Maruyama, R. Morita, A. Uchida (eds.) Recent Advances in Microbial Ecology, pp. 658–662.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    King, J.M.H., P.M. DiGrazia, B. Applegate, R. Burlage, J. Sanseverino, P. Dunbar, F. Larimer, and G.S. Sayler. 1990. Rapid and sensitive bioluminescent reporter technology for naphthalene exposure and biodegradation. Science. Vol. 249, p. 778–781.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Burlage, R.S., G.S. Sayler, F. Larimer. 1990. Bioluminescent monitoring of naphthalene catabolism using nah-lux transcriptional fusions. J. Bacteriol. Vol. 172, No. 9, pp. 4749–4757.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary S. Sayler
    • 1
  • Robert Fox
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Environmental BiotechnologyKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.International Technology CorporationKnoxvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations