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Phase-Slippage Studies of the Critical Velocity in Helium-4

  • E. Varoquaux
  • W. ZimmermannJr.
  • O. Avenel
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 257)

Abstract

The problem of the critical velocity for the flow of superfluid 4He through small orifices has been long standing.1–6 We reexamine it here in the light of the results obtained by phase slippage experiments. The occurence of phase slips 7–11 when the flow velocity v s exceeds a certain threshold v c marks the onset of dissipation in the superfluid. According to current views,12 dissipative slips of the phase by 2π are caused in 4He by vortex filaments crossing all the streamlines passing through the orifice. The initial stages of this process are, however, still unknown.

Keywords

Vortex Ring Critical Velocity Vortex Pair Vortex Filament Vortex Tangle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Varoquaux
    • 1
  • W. ZimmermannJr.
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • O. Avenel
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique des SolidesUniversité Paris-SudOrsayFrance
  2. 2.Tate Laboratory of PhysicsUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Service de Physique du Solide et de Résonance MagnétiqueCEN-SaclayGif-sur-Yvette-CedexFrance

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