Thermal Counterflow in Superfluid 3He-4He Mixtures

  • H. van Beelen
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 257)


The two-fluid model provides an adequate description of the hydrodynamic behaviour of superfluid 3He-4He mixtures. The 3He component is incorporated in the normal fraction. The additional thermodynamic variable is accounted for by the conservation law of 3He.


Flow Tube Normal Fluid Downstream Reservoir Normal Fluid Velocity Fourth Sound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. van Beelen, W. van Joolingen and K. Yamada, On a balance equation for superfluid vorticity in capillary flow of Helium II, Physica B 153: 248 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.F. Mudde and H. van Beelen, Counterflow in superfluid 3He-4He mixtures part I: the laminar case, Physica B 162: 197 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.G. Sydoriak and T.R. Roberts, Vapour pressure of 3He- 4He mixtures, Phys. Rev. 118: 901 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.G Dash and R.D. Taylor, Density and viscosity of normal fluid in dilute solutions of 3He in 4He, Phys. Rev. 107: 1238 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F.A. Staas, K.W. Taconis and K. Fokkens, Viscosity of liquid 3He-4He mixtures in the Helium II region above 1.0 K. Physica, 26: 669 (1960).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.P. Sierat, H. Versnel and H. van Beelen, Attenuation of fourth sound in He II between 0.5 K and 2.05 K, Physica B 153: 159 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    I.M. Khalatnikov, “An Introduction to the theory of superfluidity”, W.A. Benjamin, New York-Amsterdam (1965).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V.I. Sobolev, B.N. Eselson, O.S. Novovitskaya and L.A. Pogorelov, Density of the normal component of 3He-4He solutions at elevated pressures, Sov. J. Low. Temp. Phys. 5: 269 (1979).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    K.W. Taconis and R. de Bruyn Ouboter, “Progress in Low Temp. Phys.”, Vol.IV, Ch. 2, North-Holland, Amsterdam (1964).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.J. van Son and H. van Beelen, Isothermal fourth sound in superfluid 3He-4He mixtures, Proceedings LT19, Brighton, Sussex (1990).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Wang, C. Howald and H. Meyer, Shear viscosity of liquid 4He and 3He-4He mixtures, especially near the superfluid transition, J. Low Temp. Phys., 79: 151 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R.F. Mudde, “Thermal counterflow in 3He-4He mixtures”, Ph.D. Thesis, Leiden (1989).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. van Beelen
    • 1
  1. 1.Kamerlingh Onnes LaboratoriumRijksuniversiteit LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations