Bulk Properties of 3He-4He Mixtures

  • R. M. Bowley
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 257)


In the space available it is impossible to review all aspects of research into bulk properties of helium mixtures, and so I shall omit all reference to the thermodynamics of mixtures, a subject which has been thoroughly explored and is reviewed in the articles by Ebner and Edwards1 and by Ghozlan and Varoquaux2. Another excellent review, but with a more theoretical slant, is that of Baym and Pethick3. Rather, I will concentrate on several new ideas have emerged since these reviews were published. For example: it has become clear that, with the advent of large magnetic fields and new cooling techniques, it is possible to polarise dilute mixtures by brute force methods. This has opened up a whole new field of research on degenerate spin polarised Fermi systems, a topic pioneered by Bashkin and Meyerovich4. Another new idea: three phonon decay processes are allowed in 4He at low pressures,and these processes affect phonon transport in dilute 3He-4He mixtures5,6. Another new field was opened up by the discovery of spin waves in mixtures7. These are the topics which I will concentrate on in this review. The transport properties of dilute mixtures near the lambda line, a fascinating subject, will be dealt with elsewhere in the proceedings by Horst Meyer8 and Richard Ferrell9.


Spin Polarisation Spin Wave Spin Current Transverse Relaxation Time Longitudinal Relaxation Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Ghozlan and E. Varoquaux Annales de Physique 4: 239 (1979)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Ebner and D. O. Edwards Physics Reports 2:77(1971)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Baym and C. J. Pethick in The Physics of Liquid and Solid Helium, part II ed. by K.H.Bennemann and J.B.Ketterson (Wiley, New York,1978)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. P. Bashkin and A. E. Meyerovich Advances in Physics 30: 1, (1981)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. N. Adamenko and V. I. Tsyganok, Zh.Eskp.Teor.Fiz. 87:865(1984)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. M. Bowley and F. W. Sheard J.Phys.C:Solid State Phys. 18:L867(1985)Google Scholar
  7. J. R. Owers-Bradley,H. Chocolacs,R. M. Mueller. C. Buchal, M. Kubota and F. Pobell Phys Rev.Lett. 51:2120 (1983);Google Scholar
  8. R. M. Bowley and J. R. Owers-Bradley J.Low Temp. Phys. 63: 331, (1986)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.
    H. Meyer these proceedingsGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.
    R. Ferrell these proceedingsGoogle Scholar
  11. 10.
    N. R. Brubaker, D. O. Edwards, R. E. Seligmann and R. A. Sherlock, Phys.Rev.Lett. 25:715(1969);Google Scholar
  12. J. Low, Temp.Phys. 3: 619, (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 11.
    R. M. Bowley J.Low Temp Phys. 61:291(1985)Google Scholar
  14. 12.
    D. S. Greywall Phys.Rev.Lett.41:177(1978)Google Scholar
  15. 13.
    J. R. Owers-Bradley, P. C. Main, R. M. Bowley, G. J. Batey and R. J. Church J.Low Temp.Phys. 72:201(1988)Google Scholar
  16. 14.
    D. Candela, D. R. McAllaster, L-J. Wei and G. A. Vermeulen PreprintGoogle Scholar
  17. 15.
    H. H. Fu and C. J. Pethick Phys.Rev.B 14:3837(1976)Google Scholar
  18. 16.
    G. Baym J.Low Temp Phys. 18:335(1975)Google Scholar
  19. 17.
    G. Baym and C. Ebner Phys.Rev.164:235(1967);Google Scholar
  20. G. Baym and W. F. Seam Phys.Rev. 171:172(1968);Google Scholar
  21. G. Baym,W. F. Saam and C. Ebner Phys. Rev. 173:306(1969)Google Scholar
  22. 18.
    R. L. Rosenbaum, J. Landau and Y. Eckstein J.Low Temp.Phys 16:131(1974)Google Scholar
  23. 19.
    I. N. Adamenko and E.A. Rudayskii, Sov.J.Low Temp.Phys 13: 1, (1987)Google Scholar
  24. 20.
    D. S. Greywall Phys.Rev.Lett. 42: 1758, (1979)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 21.
    G. McHale, M. A. Jones and R. M. Bowley J.Phys. C:Solid state Phys. 21:5757(1988)Google Scholar
  26. 22.
    L. P. J. Husson and R. de Bruyn Ouboter Physica 122B:201(1983)Google Scholar
  27. 23.
    R. J. Church J. R. Owers-Bradley and P. C. Main unpublishedGoogle Scholar
  28. D. S. Greywall and M. A. Paalanen Phys Rev.Lett. 46: 1292, (1981)Google Scholar
  29. J. R. Owers-Bradley, P. C. Main, R. J. Church, T. M. M. Hampson, G. McHale and R. M. Bowley Phys.Rev.Lett. 61: 1619, (1988)Google Scholar
  30. 206.
    T. M. Hampson, R. M. Bowley, D. Brugel and G. McHare J.Low Temp.Phys. 73:333(1988)Google Scholar
  31. 27.
    V. Silin Zh.Eksp.Teor.Fiz.33,726(1958)Google Scholar
  32. 28.
    N. Masuhara, D. Candela, D. O. Edwards, R. F. Hoyt(, H. N. Scholtz and D. S. Sherrill Phys. Rev. Lett. 53:1168(1984);Google Scholar
  33. D. Candela, M. Masuhara, D. S. Sherrill and D. O. Edwards, J. Low Temp. Phys. 63: 369 (1986)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 29.
    H. Ishimoto, H. Fukuyama, N. Nishida, Y.Miurü V:Takano, T. Fukuda, T. Tazaki and S.Ogawa Phys.Rev.Lett. 59:904(1987)Google Scholar
  35. 30.
    H. Akimoto, T. Kawae, G. Oh, O. Ishikawa, T.Hata, T.Kodama, and T.Shigi, Jpn.Jour. Appl. Phys. S263:65(1987)Google Scholar
  36. 31.
    E. S. Murdock, K. R. Mountfield and L. R. Corruccini J.Low Temp Phys. 31:581(1978)Google Scholar
  37. 32.
    K. S. Bedell Phys.Rev.Lett 62:167(1989)Google Scholar
  38. 33.
    A. J. Leggett and M. J. Rice Phys Rev.Lett. 20:586(1968)Google Scholar
  39. A. J. Leggett, J.Phys C3,448(1970)Google Scholar
  40. 34.
    W. J. Gully and W. J. Mullin Phys Rev.Lett. 52:1810(1984)Google Scholar
  41. 35.
    Y. Hirayoshi, G. Eska, G. Bonfait, A. S. Greenberg, K. Neumaier and D. Thoulouze Proceedings of LT17:1229(1984);Google Scholar
  42. D. Einzel, G. Eska, Y. Hirayoshi, T. Kopp and P. Wolfle, Phys Rev.Lett. 53:2312(1984)Google Scholar
  43. 36.
    A. S. Bedford, R. M. Bowley, D. Wightman and J. R. Owers-Bradley Proceedings of LT 19Google Scholar
  44. 37.
    K. D. Ivanova and A. E. Meyerovich Sov.Phys. JETP 64: 964, (1986)Google Scholar
  45. 38.
    A. E. Meyerovich Phys.Lett.107A:177(1985)Google Scholar
  46. 39.
    J. W. Jeon and W. J. Mullin Phys.Rev.Lett. 62:2691(1989);Google Scholar
  47. J.Phys. (Paris) 49:1691(1988)Google Scholar
  48. 40.
    G. Nunes jr.,C. Jin, A. M. Putnam and D. M. Lee Bull.Am.Phys.Soc. 35, 1078, (1990)Google Scholar
  49. 41.
    L. Levy Phys. Rev. B31:7077(1985)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. Bowley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamEngland

Personalised recommendations