Problems of Planned Change

  • Hans Toch
  • J. Douglas Grant


The task of carrying out innovative changes in police departments is a formidable one. There are, however, encouraging leads that police executives could draw from reading about successful reforms in industry that apply prescriptions of current management theory. In police work itself, there are also indications here and there that it is possible for a progressive department to stay progressive, to integrate continual change and improvement into the way it operates. This continuity is particularly important for a department that seeks to create—as Eck and Spelman (1987a) have suggested is long overdue—a police science that is based on an epidemiological rather than symptom-treating approach to policing.


Police Department Police Work Plan Change Police Chief Continual Change 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Toch
    • 1
  • J. Douglas Grant
    • 2
  1. 1.State University of New YorkAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Social Action Research CenterNicasioUSA

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