The Physiology of Testicular Thermoregulation in the Light of New Anatomical and Pathological Aspects

  • Ahmed Shafik
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 286)


Varicocele, the abnormal dilatation and tortuosity of the pampiniform plexus, is common in men; its prevalence is 15% or more. Although contradictory data have been published recently, there is substantial evidence that varicocele impairs spermatogenesis and, consequently, semen quality. Varicocele is considered the most frequent cause of male infertility.


Spermatic Cord Venous Hypertension Cremasteric Muscle Venous Reflux Ductus Deferens 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed Shafik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Faculty of MedicineCairo UniversityCairoEgypt

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