Investigation of Candida Pathogenicity and Other Etiologic Factors in Diaper Dermatitis

  • K. Gücüyener
  • A. Gülekon
  • S. Kuştimur
Part of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies Symposium Series book series (FEMS, volume 50)


Diaper dermatitis (DD) is one of the most common cutaneous disorders of children below two years of age. The inflammation occurs on the lower parts of the abdomen, genitalia, buttocks and upper portion of the thighs 1,2. Recent studies refuse the ancient dogma, the role of ammonia and urea splitting bacteria in the etiology of this disorder, and incriminate a combination of wetness, impervious diaper coverings leading to a primary irritant dermatitis (PID) and Candida albicans as the primary factor in the initiation of DD 3.


Candida Albicans Seborrheic Dermatitis Skin Flora Diaper Dermatitis Disposable Diaper 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S. Hurwitz, “Clinical Pediatric Dermatology”, pp. 27–29, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia (1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Rook et al, “Textbook of Dermatology”, pp. 239–244, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1986).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.J. Honig, Diaper dermatitis, Postgrad Med., 74: 79 (1983).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.D. Baver, Mycology in Clinical Laboratory Methods“, The C. V. Mosby Company, St. Louis (1982).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.S. Kobayashi et al, The mycosis, in: “Gradwohl’s Clinical Laboratory Methods and Diagnosis”, The C. V. Mosby Company, St. Louis (1980).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.J. Leyden, Diaper dermatitis, Dermatol. Clin., 4: 23 (1986).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L.W. Wetson et al, Diaper dermatitis: Current concepts, Pediatrics, 66: 532 (1980).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.J. Leyden et al, Urinary ammonia and ammonia producing organisms in infants with and without diaper dermatitis, Arch. Dermatol., 113: 1678 (1977).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P.N. Dixon et al, Role of Candida albicans infection in napkin rashes, Br. Med. J., 2: 23 (1969).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.J. Leyden et al, The role of microorganisms in diaper dermatitis, Arch. Dermatol., 114: 56 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.F. Montes et al, Microbial flora of infant skin, Arch. Dermatol., 103: 640 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R.M. Brookes et al, Skin flora of infants with napkin rash, Br. J. Dermatol., 85: 250 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Rebora et al, Experimental infection with Candida albicans, Arch. Dermatol., 108: 69 (1973).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Rebora et al, Napkin (diaper) dermatitis and gastrointestinal carriage of Candida albicans, Br. J. Dermatol., 105: 551 (1981).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Gücüyener
    • 1
  • A. Gülekon
    • 2
  • S. Kuştimur
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics Faculty of MedicineGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology Faculty of MedicineGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Microbiology Faculty of MedicineGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations