Fluorescence Lidars in Environmental Remote Sensing

  • L. Pantani
  • G. Cecchi
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 54)


The word LIDAR is the acronym of Light Detection And Ranging and appeared the first time in 19531. The history of Lidars began with the invention of the giant pulse laser in 19622, which allowed its development. The first applications to the remote sensing of the atmosphere were published in 19633,4, while the first experiments on remote sensing of natural waters were carried out about ten years after5–7. Only in the last decade the use of lidar systems for the remote sensing of ground surface and vegetation was introduced8–11.


Remote Sensing Photosynthetic Active Radiation Elastic Scattering Excimer Laser Laser Induce Fluorescence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W. EK. Middleton and A. F. Silhaus, “Meteorological Instruments”, University of Toronto Press, Toronto (1953)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. J. Mc. Clung and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys., 33, 828–829 (1962)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Fiocco and L. D. Smullin, Nature, 199, 1275–1276 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. G. H. Ligda, Proc. Conf. Laser Technol., 1st, San Diego Cal., 63–72 (1963)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. D. Hickman and J. E. Hogg, “Remote Sensing of the Environment”, 1, 47–58 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. M. Measures and M. Bristow, Can. Aeron. Space J., 17, 421–422 (1971)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. F. Fantasia, T. M. Hard and H. C. Ingrao, “An Investigation of Oil Fluorescence as a Technique for Remote Sensing of Oil Spills”, Report No. DOT-TSC-USCG-71-7, Transportation Systems Center, Dept. of Transportation, Cambridge, Mass. (1971)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. Wiesemann, R. Beck, W. Englisch and K. Gurs, Appl. Phys., 15, 257–260 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift and J. K. Yungel, Appl. Opt., 22, 2991–3000 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Pantani and I. Pippi, Optica Acta, 30, 1473–1481 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, I. Pippi, R. Magli and P. Mazzinghi, “Vegetation remote sensing: a new field for Lidar applications”, ECOOSA 184, SPIE Vol. 492, 180–185, SPIE, Bellingham Wa. (1985)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. D. Hinkley (Editor): “Laser monitoring of the atmosphere”, Springer Verlag, Berlin (1976)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. M. Measures, “Laser Remote Sensing”, John Wiley and Sons, New York (1983)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. W. Kattawar and G. N. Plass, Appl. Opt., 15, 3166–3178 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Pantani, Atti Fondazione Giorgio Ronchi, 36, 292–304 (1981)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. M. Measures, W. R. Houston and M. Bristow, Can. Aeron. Space J., 19, 501–506 (1973)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. A. O’Neil, L. Bujia-Bijunas and D. M. Rayner, Appl. Opt., 19, 863–870 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Bristow, D. Nielsen, D. Bundy and R. Furtek, Appl. Opt., 20, 2889–2906 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift and E. B. Fredrick, Appl. Opt., 19, 871–883, (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    F. E. Hoge and R. N. Swift, Appl. Opt., 20, 1191–1202 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. Diebel-Labgohr, R. Hengstermann, R. Reuter, G. Cecchi and L. Pantani: Measuring Oil at Sea by Means of an Airborne Laser Fluorosensor, in: “The Archimedes 1 Experiment”, R. A. Gillot and F. Toselli Editors, Commission of the European Communities, EUR 10216 EN, ECSC-EEC-EAEC, 123–142, Brussels (1985)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    F. Castagnoli, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, I. Pippi, B. Radicati and P. Mazzinghi, Fluorescence Lidar for land and sea remote sensing, in: “Laser Radar Technology and Applications”, J. M. Cruickshank and R. C. Harney Editors, SPIE Vol. 663, 212–216, Bellingham (1986)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. Cecchi and P. Mazzinghi, “Un laser a scarica trasversa, in specie del tipo eccimero”, Brevetto d’invenzione industriale n. 9552, 24/11/1987Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. M. Massin, Ed., “Remote Sensing for the Control of Marine Pollution”, Plenum Press, New York (1984)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. A. O’Neal, F. E. Höge and M. P. F. Bristow, “The Current Status of Airborne Laser Fluorosensing”, 15th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Environment, 379–389, Ann Arbor, Michigan (1981)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, P. Mazzinchi and A. Barbaro, Fluorescence Lidar Remote Sensing of the Environment: Laboratory Experiments for the Characterization of Oil Spills and Vegetation, in: “Optoelectronics in Engineering”, W. Waidelich Ed., 652–655, Springer Verlag (1986)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. M. Measures, H. R. Houston and D. G. Stephenson, Optical Engineer., 13, 454–494 (1975)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    P. Burlamacchi, G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi and L. Pantani, Appl. Opt., 22, 48–53 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani and C. Susini, Lidar Investigation of Oil Films on Natural Waters, in: “Optoelectronics in Engineering”, W. Waidelich Ed., 517–522, Springer Verlag, Berlin (1984)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    M. Bristow, D. Nielsen, “Remote Monitoring of Organic Carbon in Surface Waters”, Report No. EPA-80/4-81-001, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, Nevada (1981)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Bristow: Remote Sensing of Environment, 7, 105–127 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    P. B. Mumola, O. Jr. Jarrett and C. A. Jr. Brown. Brown, “Multiwavelength Lidar for Remote Sensing of Chlorophyll a in Algae and Phytoplankton”, NASA Conference on the Use of Lasers for Hydrographie Studies, NASA SP-375, 137–145 (1973)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. Cecchi, C. Fagotti and P. Paoli, Misure di Fluorescenza della clorofilla in vivo, Quaderni Metodologici n. 4, CNR-IPRA, Roma (1985)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    F. Castagnoli, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Radicati, M. Mazzinghi, A. Barbaro and M. Romoli, “A New Lidar Sytem for Applications Over Land and Sea”, Proc. of the 4th International Colloquium on Spectral Signatures of Objects in Remote Sensing, ESA SP-287, 239–243, Paris (1988)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Pantani
    • 1
  • G. Cecchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Ricerca sulle Onde ElettromagneticheC.N.R.FirenzeItaly

Personalised recommendations