Viruses and Neuropsychiatric Disorders
The list of human viruses that exhibit a well-documented though varied degree of neurotropism and neuropathogenicity is impressive. It includes RNA and DNA viruses of many different families and genera (Tables 1-1 and 1-2). In fact, there are few human viruses that appear entirely incapable of producing diseases at the level of the central (CNS) or peripheral (PNS) nervous system. To the list of well-characterized viruses we must add a still undefined number of poorly understood but clearly neurotropic transmissible agents commonly, though not solely, referred to as “unconventional viruses.” These agents appear to share with viruses little more than the ability to replicate and be transmitted (Table 1-3).
KeywordsBovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Aseptic Meningitis Rift Valley Fever Japanese Encephalitis Virus Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
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