Methods to Measure Genotoxins in Wastewater: Evaluation with in vivo and in vitro Tests
Genotoxic carcinogens are black list substances, whose discharge via wastewater should be reduced by best technical means. Detection of carcinogens as such in wastewater is at present nearly impossible. Identification combined with a literature search on the toxic properties is therefore still a favored approach, for want of something better. A major part of the discharged effluent will escape scrutiny, however, either because identification is not possible, or because toxicological information about identified compounds is not available.
KeywordsGenotoxic Effect Mytilus Edulis Ames Test Gill Cell Ethyl Methane Sulphonate
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