Advertisement

Old and New Carcinogens

  • Lorenzo Tomatis
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 39)

Abstract

In populations of developed countries, 60% of all cancer cases occur in people over 65 years of age, confirming that the older one gets, the greater is the risk of dying of cancer. Age, in this sense, is indeed the most important risk factor for cancer, as it would permit a disease that is genetically determined to appear late in life to manifest itself, and it certainly also extends the duration of exposure to the variety of factors that directly or indirectly increase the risk of developing a clinical cancer.

Keywords

Nasal Sinus Human Carcinogen Chemical Mixture Carcinogenic Agent Active Life Expectancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bartsch, H., and C. Malaveille (1989) Prevalence of genotoxic chemicals among animal and human carcinogens evaluated in the IARC Monograph series. Cell Biol. Virol. 2:115–127.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brody, J.A. (1985) Prospects for an aging population. Nature 315:463–466.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cairns, J. (1981) The origin of human cancer. Nature 289:383–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fries, J.F. (1988) Aging, illness and health policy: Implications of the compression of morbidity. Persp. Biol. Med. 31:407–428.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fries, J.F., L.W. Green, and S. Levine (1989) Health promotion and the compression of morbidity. The Lancet 1:481–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    International Agency for Research on Cancer (1986) IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Vol. 38. Tobacco Smoking, Lyon, France.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Knapp, V.J. (1988) Major dietary changes in nineteenth-century Europe. Persp. Biol. Med. 31:188–193.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kondrashov, A.S. (1988) Deleterious mutations and the evolution of sexual reproduction. Nature 336:435–440.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    McKeown, T. (1988) The Origins of Human Disease. Basil Blackwell, Oxford and New York.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tomatis, L., A. Aitio, J. Wilbourn, and L. Shuker (1989) Human carcinogens so far identified. Japanese J. of Cancer Res. 80:795–807.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorenzo Tomatis
    • 1
  1. 1.International Agency for Research on CancerLyonFrance

Personalised recommendations