Advertisement

Normalization of High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Following Cessation from Cigarette Smoking

  • Robert J. Moffatt
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 273)

Abstract

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is recognized as the chief cause of death in the industrialized world. Epidemiological data have revealed several factors which correlate highly with the incidence of this disease. Some of the most meaningful predictors of CAD are blood pressure, diabetes, obesity and serum cholesterol levels. Recent evidence suggests that in addition to the plasma concentration of cholesterol the manner in which cholesterol is distributed is of importance.

Keywords

High Density Lipoprotein High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level Smoker Group Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    T. Gordon, W. P. Castelli, M. C. Hjostland, W. B. Kannell, and T. R. Dawber. High density lipoprotein as a protective factor against coronary heart disease. Am J Med 707:62 (1977).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. J. Miller and N. E. Miller. Plasma high density lipoprotein concentration and development of ischaemic heart disease. Lancet i:16 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. G. Rhoads, C. L. Gulkrandson, and A. Kagen. Serum lipoproteins and coronary heart disease in a population study of Hawaii Japanese men. N Engl J Med 294:293 (1976).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T.A. Pearson, B. H. Bulkley, S. C. Achuff, et al. The association of low levels of HDL cholesterol and arteriographically defined coronary artery disease. Am J Epid 109:285 (1979).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. H. Criqui, R. B. Wallace, G. Heiss, M. Nishkel, G. Schonfeld, and G. T. L. Jones. Cigarette smoking and plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol: The Lipid Research Clinics Program Prevalence Study. Circulation 62:116 (1980).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. J. Garrison, W. B. Kannel, M. Feinleib, W. P. Castelli, P. M. McNamara, and S. J. Padgett. Cigarette smoking on HDL cholesterol. The Framingham Offspring Study. Atherosclerosis 30:17 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    U. Goldbourt, and J. H. Medalie. Characteristics of smokers, nonsmokers, and ex-smokers among 10,000 adult males in Israel, Am J Epid 105:75 (1977).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. A. Stamford, S. Matter, R. D. Fell, S. P. Sady, M. K. Cresanta, and P. Papanek. Cigarette smoking, physical activity, and alcohol consumption: Relationship to blood lipids and lipoproteins in premenopausal females. Metabolism 33:585 (1984).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. C. Allain, L. S. Poon, C. Chan, W. Richmond, and P. C. Fu. Enzymatic determination of total serum cholesterol. Chin Chem 20:470 (1974).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lipid Research Clinics Program. Manual of Laboratory Operations. Vol. 1. Lipid and Lipoprotein Analysis. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health 1975, DHEW publication mo. [NIH] 95–628).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Beckman Instruments Inc. Triglycerides — Int Reagent Enzymatic assay. Beckman Instruments Inc. 1983, Fullerton, CA (Beckman publication mo. 015-245445).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. A. Nesje, and O. D. Mjos. Plasma HDL cholesterol and the subclasses HDL2 and HDL3 in smokers and non-smokers. Artery 13:7(1985).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. Assmann, H. Schulte, and H. Schriewer. The effects of cigarette smoking on serum levels of HDL cholesterol and HDL apolipoprotein A-I. J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 22:397 (1984).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Tuomelehto, A. Tankanen, J. T. Salomen et al. Effects of smoking and stopping smoking on serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in a representative population sample. Prev Med 15:35 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Berg, A. Borrenson, and G. Dahlen. Effect of smoking on serum levels of lipoproteins. Atherosclerosis 34:339 (1979).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. M. Hegarty, L. E. Turgiss, J. J. Mulligan, et al. Effect of cigarette smoking on high density lipoprotein phosphololipids. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 104:212 (1982).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. A. Stamford, S. Matter, R. Fell, and P. Papanek. Effects of smoking cessation on weight gain, metabolic rate, caloric consumption, and blood lipids. Amer J Clin Nutr 43:486 (1986).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    I. Stubbe, J. Eskelsson, and P. Nilsson-Ehle. High-density lipoprotein concentrations increase after stopping smoking. Clin Res 284:1511 (1982).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. M. Shennan, M. Seed, and V. Wynn. Variation in serum lipid and lipoprotein levels associated with changes in smoking behavior in non-obese Caucasian males. Atherosclerosis 58:17 (1985).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Quensel, A. Soderstrom, C. D. Agardh, and P. Nilsson-Ehle. High-density lipoprotein concentrations after cessation of smoking: The importance of alterations in diet. Atherosclerosis 75:189 (1989).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    W. Y. Craig, G. Palomaki, and J. E. Haddow. Cigarette smoking and serum lipid and lipoprotein concentration: An analysis of published data. Br Med J 298:784 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Moffatt
    • 1
  1. 1.Exercise Physiology Laboratory Department of Nutrition, Food, and Movement SciencesThe Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

Personalised recommendations