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Hepatic Encephalopathy, GABA-ergic Neurotransmission and Benzodiazepine Receptor Ligands

  • E. Anthony Jones
  • Anthony S. Basile
  • Phil Skolnick
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 272)

Summary

Evidence compatible with increased GABAergic tone contributing to the manifestations of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in animal models of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) includes: (i) increased resistance to drugs which induce seizures by reducing GABAergic tone;(ii) abnormalities of visual evoked responses (VERs) which resemble those induced by drugs which augment GABAergic tone; (iii) increased sensitivity of CNS neurons to a GABA agonist; and (iv) ameliorations of the encephalopathy induced by a GABA receptor antagonist.

Evidence compatible with a benzodiazepine (BZ) receptor ligand with agonist properties contributing to increased GABA-ergic tone in animal models of FHF includes: (i) abnormalities of VERs which resemble those in BZ agonist-induced coma; (ii) increased sensitivity of CNS neurons to a BZ receptor agonist; (iii) excitation of CNS neurons induced by BZ receptor antagonists; (iv) reversal of the increased sensitivity of CNS neurons to a GABA agonist by a BZ receptor antagonist; (v) presence of a ligand(s) in brain which displaces a radiolabeled ligand from BZ receptors; and (vi) increased affinity of this ligand(s) for BZ receptors in the presence of GABA (“positive GABA shift”).

Keywords

Hepatic Encephalopathy Rabbit Model Chloride Channel Fulminant Hepatic Failure Hepatic Coma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Anthony Jones
    • 1
  • Anthony S. Basile
    • 1
  • Phil Skolnick
    • 1
  1. 1.Liver Diseases Section Digestive Diseases Branch and Laboratory of Neuroscience National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney DiseasesNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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