Use of Herring Embryos for In Situ and In Vitro Monitoring of Marine Pollution

  • Richard M. Kocan
  • Marsha L. Landolt
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 38)


Developing embryos are frequently very sensitive to the adverse effects of environmental contaminants (Rosenthal and Alderdice, 1976; McKim, 1985). Aquatic toxicologists have successfully employed sea urchin and oyster embryos in bioassays of pure chemicals and complex mixtures (Hose et al., 1983; Kobayashi, 1972; Roberts, 1980), and have used several species of fish embryos to study the carcinogenic and teratogenic potential of numerous compounds (Horning and Weber, 1985; Kocan and Landolt, 1984, 1987; Liguori and Landolt, 1985; Linden, 1978; Longwell and Hughes, 1980; Westernhagen et al., 1979). These systems have proven to be suitable laboratory models, but they have not been used for in situ monitoring. We will describe the utility of herring embryos for both in situ and in vitro testing of environmental contaminants.


Hatching Success Mooring Line Fish Embryo Sediment Extract Synthetic Seawater 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard M. Kocan
    • 1
  • Marsha L. Landolt
    • 1
  1. 1.School of FisheriesUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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