G-Proteins and Phospholipase Activation in Endothelial Cells
ATP stimulates arachidonic acid release and prostaglandin biosynthesis (most likely via phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activation) and phospholipase C (PLC) activation in cultured rabbit coronary microvessel endothelial cells. Pertussis toxin pretreatment inhibits ATP stimulated prostaglandin release, but not ATP stimulated phosphatidylinositol turnover. In contrast, activation of G-proteins with GTPτS or A1F4- stimulates both prostaglandin synthesis and PLC. These observations suggest that PLC activation by ATP involves a G-protein(s) that is not ADP-ribosylated by pertussis toxin and further, that ATP activation of prostaglandin biosynthesis appears to involve a different, pertussis toxin sensitive, G-protein.
KeywordsPertussis Toxin Inositol Phosphate Prostaglandin Biosynthesis Prostaglandin Release Bovine Pulmonary Artery Endothelial Cell
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