Advertisement

Dietary Fiber Analysis and Nutrition Labelling

  • Thomas F. Schweizer
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 270)

Abstract

Ever since the rediscovery of dietary fiber in the early Seventies there has been a lively discussion about the most valid way of defining and analyzing this nutritionally important entity. In recent years, the increasing interest from consumers and the food industry in dietary fiber has resulted in more and more food labels carrying a declaration of fiber content. While, at first sight, such an extension of consumer information could appear as trivial it has attracted much more interest among nutritionists, analysts and legislative bodies than other food components, probably because of the simultaneous increase in interest in health claims and because of the complex nature of dietary fiber.

Keywords

Dietary Fiber Fiber Content Neutral Detergent Fiber Resistant Starch Soluble Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Anonymus. In: The Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services . Washington, p. 18 (1988)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Trowell, H. Crude fibre, dietary fibre and atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis 16, 138–140 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Trowell, H., Southgate, D.A.T., Wolever, T.M.S., Gassuli, A.R. and Jenkins, D.J.A. Dietary fibre redefined. Lancet I, 967 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Southgate, D.A.T., Hudson, G.J. and Englyst, H. The analysis of dietary fibre. The choices for the analyst. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 29, 979–988 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Englyst, H.N., Trowell, H., Southgate, D.A.T. and Cummings, J.H. Dietary fiber and resistant starch. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, 873–874 (1987)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Asp, N.-G. and Johansson, C.-G. Dietary fiber analysis. Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews 54, 735–752 (1984)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Schweizer, T.F. Progress in dietary fibre analysis. Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete der Lebensmitteluntersuchung und Hygiene 75, 469–483 (1984)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Selvendran, R.R., Stevens, B.J.H and DuPont, M.S. Dietary fiber: chemistry, analysis and properties. Advances in Food Research 31, 117–209 (1987)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schweizer, T.F. Dietary Fibre Analysis. Lebensmittel Wissenschaft und Technologie 22, 54–59 (1989)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mongeau, R. and Brassard, R. A rapid method for the determination of soluble and insoluble dietary fiber: Comparison with AOAC total dietary fiber procedure and Englyst’s method. Journal of Food Science 51, 1333–1336 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Graham, H., Rydberg, M.G. and Aman, P. Extraction of soluble dietary fiber. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 36, 494–497 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Englyst, H.N. and Cummings, J.H. Improved method for measurement of dietary fiber as non-starch polysaccharides in plant foods. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 71, 808–814 (1988)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Theander, O. and Westerlund, E.A. Studies of dietary fiber. 3. Improved procedures for analysis of dietary fiber. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 34, 330–336 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Faulks, R.M. and Timms, S.B. A rapid method for determining the carbohydrate component of dietary fibre. Food Chemistry 17, 273–287 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Englyst, H.N. and Hudson, G. Colorimetric method for routine mesurement of dietary fibre as non-starch polysaccharides. A comparison with gas-liquid chromatography. Food Chemistry 24, 63–76 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Theander, O. and Westerlund, E. Determination of individual components of dietary fiber. In: Handbook of Dietary Fiber in Human Nutrition (G.A. Spiller, ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, 57–75 (1986)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stutzer, A. and Isbert, A. Untersuchungen über das Verhalten der in Nahrungsund Futtermitteln enthaltenen Kohlenhydrate zu den Verdaungsfermenten. Zeitschrift für Physiologische Chemie 12, 72–130 (1888)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schweizer, T.F. Methoden zur Bestimmung von Nahrungsfasern. In: Nahrungsfasern — Dietary fibres (R. Amadö and T.F. Schweizer, eds.), Academic Press, London, 53–73 (1986)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Prosky, L., Asp, N.-G., Furda, I., DeVries, J.W., Schweizer, T.F. and Harland, B. Determination of total dietary fiber in foods, food products, and total diets: Interlaboratory study. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 67, 1044–1052 (1984)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Prosky, L., Asp, N.-G., Furda, I., DeVries, J.W., Schweizer, T.F. and Harland, B. Determination of total dietary fiber in foods and food products: Collaborative study. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 68, 677–679 (1985)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schweizer, T.F., Walter, E. and Venetz, P. Collaborative study for the enzymatic, gravimetric determination of total dietary fibre in foods. Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete der Lebensmitteluntersuchung und Hygiene 79, 57–68 (1988)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Prosky, L., Asp, N.-G., Schweizer, T.F., DeVries, J.W. and Furda, I. Determination of insoluble, soluble and total dietary fiber in foods and food products: Interlaboratory study. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 71, 1017–1023 (1988)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rabe, E. Bestimmung der unlöslichen und löslichen Ballaststoffe. Getreide, Mehl und Brot 41, 302–305 (1987)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rabe, E., Seibel, W., Suckow, P. and Meuser, F. Vergleichende Bestimmung von unlöslichen, löslichen und Gesamtballaststoffen in Getreideerzeugnissen. Getreide, Mehl und Brot 42, 297–305 (1988)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Asp, N.-G., Johansson, C.-G., Hallmer, H. and Siljeström, M. Rapid enzymatic assay of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 31, 476–482 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Schweizer, T.F. and Würsch, P. Analysis of dietary fibre. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 30, 613–619 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Marlett, J.A. and Navis, D. Comparison of gravimetric and chemical analyses of total dietary fiber in human foods. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 36, 311–315 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nyman, M., Pålsson, K.-E. and Asp, N.-G. Effects of processing on dietary fibre in vegetables. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und Technologie 20, 29–36 (1987)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nyman, M., Siljeström, M., Pedersen, B., Bach Knudsen, K.E., Asp, N.-G., Johansson, C.-G. and Eggum, O. Dietary fiber content and composition in six cereals at different extraction rates. Cereal Chemistry 61, 14–19 (1984)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Marlett, J.A., Chesters, J.G., Longacre, M.J. and Bogdanske, J.J. Recovery of soluble dietary fiber is dependent on the method of analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50, 479–485 (1989)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Stevens, BJ.H. and Selvendran, R.R., Bayliss, C.E. and Turner, R. Degradation of cell wall material of apple and wheat bran by human faecal bacteria in vitro. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 44, 151–166 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Nyman, M., Schweizer, T.F., Tyrèn, S., Reimann, S. and Asp, N.-G. Fermentation of vegetable fiber in the intestinal tract of rats and effects on fecal bulking and bile acid excretion. Journal of Nutrition (in press)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Englyst, H.N. and Cummings, J.H. Analyse der Polysaccharide pflanzlicher Lebensmittel. In: 22nd Congress Proceedings. DGQ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Qualitätsforschung), Kiel, 21–50 (1987)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Schweizer, T.F., Bekhechi, A.R., Koellreutter, B., Reimann, S., Pometta, D. and Bron, B.A. Metabolic effects of dietary fiber from dehulled soybeans in humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 38, 1–11 (1983)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Nyman, M. and Asp, N.-G Fermentation of oat fiber in the rat intestinal tract: a study of different cellular areas. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48, 247–278 (1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas F. Schweizer
    • 1
  1. 1.Nestlé Research CentreNestec Ltd., Vers-chez-les-BlancSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations