Laser Generation of “Directed” Ultrasound in Solids Using Spatial and Temporal Beam Modulation

  • James W. Wagner
  • Andrew D. W. McKie
  • James B. Spicer
  • John B. DeatonJr.
Part of the Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation book series


Laser based methods for generation and detection of ultrasound are well established laboratory tools[1]. Since only beams of light interact with the surface of an object, laser ultrasonic methods are potentially non-contacting and remote and may be used in applications involving hazardous environments or unusual component geometries. However, for use in the field as a nondestructive testing tool, or in the factory as a sensor for process control, laser ultrasonic methods suffer by comparison with more conventional contact transducer techniques with regard to their generation efficiency and sensitivity. In an effort to improve the overall sensitivity of laser ultrasonic systems, schemes for temporally and spatially modulating the laser generation source have been investigated.


Acoustic Signal Line Source Laser Pulse Duration Phase Antenna Array Repetitive Pulse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C.B. Scruby, Some Applications of Laser Ultrasound, Ultrasonics, Vol. 27, 195–209 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.W. Wagner and J.B. Spicer, Theoretical Noise-Limited Sensitivity of Classical Interferometry, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B., Vol. 4 1316–1326 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.W. Wagner, J.B. Deaton, Jr., J.B. Spicer, Generation of Ultrasound by Repetitively Q-switching a Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser, Appl. Opt., Vol. 27 (22), 4696–4700 (1988).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A.D.W. McKie, J.W. Wagner, J.B. Spicer, J.B. Deaton, Jr., Narrowing the Bandwidth of Generated Ultrasound by Laser Illumination of Aluminum with an Array Source, Ultrasonics International ‘89 (Madrid, Spain), Butterworths, London, 1989 (In Press)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.D.W. McKie, J.W. Wagner, J.B. Spicer, C.M. Penney, Laser Generation of Narrowband and Directed Ultrasound, to be published in Ultrasonics.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N.H. Schiller et al, Compact Nd:GLASS Mode-Locked Laser with Variable Cavity Length from 5 to 12m, Applied Optics, 28 (5), 946–948 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R.J. Dewhurst, C. Edwards, A.D.W. McKie, and S.B. Palmer, Comparative Study of Wideband Ultrasonic Transducers, Ultrasonics, Vol. 25, 315–321 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.A. Hutchins, R.J. Dewhurst, S.B. Palmer, Laser Generated Ultrasound at Modified Metal Surfaces, Ultrasonics, Vol. 19, 103–108 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D.A. Hutchins, R.J. Dewhurst, and S.B. Palmer, Directivity Patterns of Generated Ultrasound in Aluminum, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 70, 1362–1369 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.A. Vogel, A.J.A. Bruinsma, A.J. Berkhout, Beamsteering of Laser Generated Ultrasound, Ultrasonics International ‘87 (London, UK), Butterworths, London, 141–152 (1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • James W. Wagner
    • 1
  • Andrew D. W. McKie
    • 1
  • James B. Spicer
    • 1
  • John B. DeatonJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Nondestructive EvaluationThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

Personalised recommendations