The Representation of Texture in Cold-Rolled Copper Sheet by an Advanced X-Ray Diffraction Technique
The influence of texture on forming properties of metals has widely been recognized [l–4]. Preferred orientation of the crystallites (grains) in polycrystalline aggregates results in anisotropy of the mechanical properties. The desired degree of, or absence of, anisotropy depends on the particular process of forming, and any subsequent manufacturing process requires certain material properties for satisfactory performance. For example, the type of texture desired in deep drawing is quite different from the one necessary for simple stamping or multiaxial bending. Thus, in-process texture monitoring is receiving increased interest, both from manufacturers and researchers [4,5].
KeywordsPeak Breadth Interplanar Spacing Texture Component Crystallographic Plane Copper Sheet
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Textures in Non-Ferrous Metals and Alloys,“ ed. H.D. Merchant and J.D. Morris, The Metallurgical Society (1985).Google Scholar
- 2.N. Kanetake et al., “Calculations from Texture of Earing in Deep Drawing for f.c.c. Metal Sheets,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 337345 (1983).Google Scholar
- 3.Y. Kwang, J.G. Morris, “The effect of Structure on the Mechanical Behaviour and Stretch Formability of Constitutionally Dynamic 3000 Series Aluminum Alloys, Mat. Sci. and Eng., 77, 58–74 (1986).Google Scholar
- 4.W.G. Frike, J.T. Ioannov, “A practical Texture Measurement Instrument,” ICOTOM8, ed. by J.S. Kallend and G. Gottstein, The Metallurgical Society, pp. 257–262 (1988).Google Scholar
- 6.H.J. Bunge, “Texture Analysis in Materials Science,” (1982).Google Scholar
- 8.C.O. Ruud, “Position Sensitive Detector Improves X-Ray Powder Diffraction,” Industrial Research and Development pp. 84–87, Jan. (1983).Google Scholar
- 9.C.O. Ruud, Private communication (1989).Google Scholar
- 10.R. Delhez, Th.M. De Keijser, E.J. Mittemeijer, “Role of X-ray Diffraction Analysis in Surface Engineering; Investigation of Microstructure of Nitrided Iron and Sheets,” Surface Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 331–342 (1987).Google Scholar
- 11.B.D. Cullity, “Elements of X-ray Diffraction,” Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. (1978).Google Scholar
- 13.C.O. Ruud, J.C. Conway, K. Kozaczek, “Development of a System for In-Process Characterization of Properties and Forming Characteristics of Copper Alloy Strip,” Advances in Manufacturing Systems and Integration and Processes, 15th Conf. on Prol. Res. and Tech., SME, Dearborn, MI, pp. 329–332 (1989).Google Scholar
- 14.C.J. Yu, J.C. Conway, C.O. Ruud, K. Kozaczek, “Ultrasonic Monitoring of Texture in Cold-Rolled Copper Sheets,” published in these proceedings.Google Scholar