Ultrasonic Characterization of Porosity in Composites
The determination of levels of porosity is important in the engineering uses of graphite fiber/polymer matrix composites, since the interlaminar shear strength can be greatly reduced by excessive porosity . Research in making nondestructive evaluations using ultrasonics as the probing energy has taken many directions. Hsu  has successfully modeled the frequency dependent attenuation to predict porosity levels in composites. Kline  has extended the work of Hashsin and Rosen  to determine the porosity and fiber volume fraction of composites by solving for the elastic coefficients of the composite structure. The propagation of leaky Lamb waves  has also been used to model porosity levels.
KeywordsFiber Volume Fraction Carbon Sphere Porosity Level Relative Attenuation Backscatter Signal
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