Learning by Seeing: N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors and Recognition Memory

  • G. Horn
  • B. J. McCabe
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 268)


A common test of memory in human subjects involves first showing them a set of photographs, each photograph being presented alone. The experimenter then enlarges the set to include pictures that the subjects have not previously seen. The subject is subsequently shown a photograph, selected from the original set, or a novel photograph and asked whether he/she has seen it before (see Huppert and Piercy, 1976). If the response is correct the subject is considered to recognise the photograph with which, throughprevious exposure he/she is familiar Learning through exposure is probably a very common form of learning in humans and non- human primates (Nickerson, 1965; Overman and Doty, 1980) and indeed in a wide range of animals (see Sluckin, 1972). Exposure learning is not a form of ‘developmental plasticity’ for although children and the young of many species are capable of learning in this way, such learning is not restricted to the young: exposure learning occurs in adults, and even in a subgroup of patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (Freed et al., 1989).


NMDA Receptor Preference Score Perforant Path Medial Geniculate Body Training Object 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Horn
    • 1
  • B. J. McCabe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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