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Learning by Seeing: N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors and Recognition Memory

  • G. Horn
  • B. J. McCabe
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 268)

Abstract

A common test of memory in human subjects involves first showing them a set of photographs, each photograph being presented alone. The experimenter then enlarges the set to include pictures that the subjects have not previously seen. The subject is subsequently shown a photograph, selected from the original set, or a novel photograph and asked whether he/she has seen it before (see Huppert and Piercy, 1976). If the response is correct the subject is considered to recognise the photograph with which, throughprevious exposure he/she is familiar Learning through exposure is probably a very common form of learning in humans and non- human primates (Nickerson, 1965; Overman and Doty, 1980) and indeed in a wide range of animals (see Sluckin, 1972). Exposure learning is not a form of ‘developmental plasticity’ for although children and the young of many species are capable of learning in this way, such learning is not restricted to the young: exposure learning occurs in adults, and even in a subgroup of patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (Freed et al., 1989).

Keywords

NMDA Receptor Preference Score Perforant Path Medial Geniculate Body Training Object 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Horn
    • 1
  • B. J. McCabe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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