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Periodic Inward Currents Triggered by NMDA in Immature CA3 Hippocampal Neurones

  • E. Cherubini
  • Y. Ben Ari
  • K. Krnjevic
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 268)

Abstract

There is widespread interest in the function of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the CNS, especially in the hippocampus where they are higly concentrated and may contribute to long term potentiation, a model of memory. More recent studies performed primarily in the visual system suggest a preferential involvement of NMDA receptors in developmental plasticity (Tsumoto et al., 1987; Kleinschmidt et al. 1987). Using a single electrode voltage clamp technique, we have found that NMDA generates slow inward currents in immature CA3 hippocampal neurones, already a few hours after birth, confirming that NMDA receptors are present and active very early in postnatal life. In addition, repeated applications of NMDA, initiated in immature (but not in adult) neurones, TTX-insensitive periodic inward currents (PICs), which persisted for hours as a prominent on-going phenomenon, whose frequency was independent of membrane potential. These currents were observed under conditions in which K+ conductances were much reduced by external Cs+, tetraethylammonium (TEA) or 4-aminopyridine (4-AP). Though TTX-insensitive, PICs appear to have a synaptic origin, since they were reduced by bicuculline and abolished by the excitatory amino acid antagonist kynurenic acid. It is suggested that NMDA may generate PICs by initiating in immature neurones periodic fluctuations of intracellular calcium, leading to pulsatile release of glutamate and GABA from nerve terminals.

Keywords

NMDA Receptor Pulsatile Release Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonist Voltage Clamp Amplifier Tatory Amino Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Cherubini
    • 1
  • Y. Ben Ari
    • 1
  • K. Krnjevic
    • 2
  1. 1.INSERMParisFrance
  2. 2.Anaesthesia Research DepartmentMc Gill UniversityMontrealCanada

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