Dual Quantization of Solitons
It is a remarkable fact that some systems contain states in their spectrum of excitations that cannot be created by the hamiltonian variables or polynomials of them. These states usually bear an identically conserved (topological) charge which characterizes some superselecting sectors of the Hilbert space. These excitations are usually called topological solitons.
KeywordsContinuum Limit Dual Lattice Dual Algebra Bloch Wall Surface Invariance
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