Plant Aging pp 97-112 | Cite as

Plant Cells and Protoplast Immobilization as Tools for Studies on Cell Function, Metabolism and Differentiation

  • M. Salomè S. Pais
  • Joaquim M. S. Cabral
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 186)


Immobilization methods have been successfully used for the immobilization of enzymes for industrial purposes. More recently, immobilization of microorganisms whole cells has been developed in many laboratories and also in industrial processes. According to Mattiasson (1983) immobilized cell preparations offer some advantages over the conventional preparation technology that can be summarised as follows: 1) higher reaction rates due to increased cell densities; 2) higher specific product yield; 3) possibilities for continuous operation; 4) high dilution rates without the problems of wash out; 5) better and easier control; 6) reduced demands of costly fermentors; 7) easier product up-grading.


Plant Cell Zeta Potential Immobilize Cell Calcium Alginate Plant Cell Culture 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Salomè S. Pais
    • 1
  • Joaquim M. S. Cabral
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia VegetalFaculdade de Ciências de Lisboa, Bloco C2LisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Laboratòrio de Engenharia BioquimicaInstituto Superior TècnicoLisboaPortugal

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